Suppressing human rightsDiscrediting political opponentsChallenging and drowning out dissenting opinions Philip Howard, director of the Oxford Internet Institute, said that “the manipulation of public opinion over social media remains a critical threat to democracy, as computational propaganda becomes a pervasive part of everyday life. Although propaganda has always been a part of politics, the wide-ranging scope of these campaigns raises critical concerns for modern democracy.” Zeynep Tufecki, researcher, said that “disinformation is a little bit like fat, sugar and salt – humans know it’s bad for them, but at the same time they want a little bit more of it. That’s what algorithms are designed to amplify.” Social media is increasingly being manipulated as a tool for political propaganda. Evidence of manipulation of media in more than 70 different countries by at least one government agency or political party, according to research by the Oxford Internet Institute. “The use of computational propaganda to shape public attitudes via social media has become mainstream, extending far beyond the actions of a few bad actors. In an information environment characterized by high volumes of information and limited levels of user attention and trust, the tools and techniques of computational propaganda are becoming a common – and arguably essential – part of digital campaigning and public diplomacy,” according to the research. The report found that social media is used for controlling information with the goals of:
Reading defender O’Shea offers advice to Man Utd ace Pogbaby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveReading defender John O’Shea says the jury should still be out for Paul Pogba and his revival at Manchester United.Ahead of today’s FA Cup tie, O’Shea believes the midfielder must now discover consistency.”I remember Paul from the youth team. He was so bubbly, everybody knew he was a fantastic talent. He will be a huge star for United because there’s that ability. And once he concentrates on that, he’ll be a fantastic player for years to come. He won the World Cup, so he’s doing enough talking on the pitch, but he’s got to make sure he keeps doing it.”The best players maintain that level consistently season after season, and the attributes that he has, if he can maintain that, he will become like he’s showing at the minute — that player who scores goals, creates goals. And if he does that I’m sure the United fans will get right behind him.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Man Utd boss Solskjaer not bothered by media claimsby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer insists he feels no pressure from what is reported by the media.Solskjaer insists he is unconcerned by what the press write about United, although he believes for a club as big as them it is their “rightful place” to be making headlines.He said, “I don’t worry about what the press writes about other teams, I don’t worry about what they say about Manchester United because we focus on what we have to do – that’s keep improving.”Reading the papers doesn’t really change my view. Sometimes I see stuff, my kids sometimes ask ‘What’s this about?’ That’s just part and parcel of this club and it has always been the same.”When I was a player it was always Man United, you do have the headlines, and it is a great position to be in. We wouldn’t want to be anywhere else. That’s our rightful place.”
Bournemouth keeper Ramsdale admits Bolton rejection sparked careerby Paul Vegas10 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveBournemouth goalkeeper Aaron Ramsdale admits rejection by Bolton Wanderers has sparked his career.Ramsdale was released from Bolton at the age of 15 after being told he was “too small and couldn’t kick”. He said: “It’s been difficult.“There’s a lot of rejection as a young kid, obviously getting released at Bolton – being too small and couldn’t kick.“But that could possibly be the best thing which ever happened to me. It gave me the backbone and the toughness to never say die.“Signing here (at Cherries) from Sheffield United, it was a lonely journey for the first two years.“I didn’t enjoy it and probably didn’t fulfil my potential but had two good loan periods.“One with Chesterfield, which we got relegated in but one with Wimbledon where we managed to stay up.“I can look back at that in the mirror and say I had a massive part to play. I think I grew into a man.“Now I am standing here today, I am using my experiences from then to take into the games for Bournemouth.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
New Delhi: Union Minister Prakash Javadekar will be presenting the National Community Radio Awards 2019 during the 7th Community Radio Sammelan that is scheduled to be held from August 27 to August 29 in New Delhi.The event is being organised by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting at DR Ambedkar Bhawan and the theme of this year’s Sammelan is ‘Community Radio for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).’ “On August 28, Javadekar will present awards to Community Radio Stations for their achievements in broadcasting development programmes in various genres including promotion of local culture, most creative and innovative content, community engagement awards, among others,” the Ministry said in a Press release on Monday. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’The event will witness the participation of all operational Community Radio Stations across the country. “The representatives of the Community Radio Stations will discuss experiences and possibilities of programming for better public awareness on SDGs. The event will also witness discussion on various flagship schemes of the government like Jal Shakti Abhiyan and efforts for Disaster Risk Reduction,” the Ministry said. According to the release, research, production, broadcasting, dissemination of social welfare messages through social media and content management for community radio stations will also be discussed during the two-day event.
Ohio State head coach Urban Meyer answers questions from the media as head-coach-in-waiting Ryan Day listens during the press conference at the Fawcett Center on Dec. 4. Credit: Casey Cascaldo | Photo EditorWhen he took the podium as the incoming head coach at Ohio State on Dec. 4 after head coach Urban Meyer had announced his retirement, Ryan Day’s focus was already on Dec. 19. Meyer ceremoniously passed the baton to Day, who will not officially be the head coach at Ohio State until Jan. 2. But from the moment he left the Fawcett Center on that Tuesday, the recruiting process was his, the team building process was his. Meyer still had the current Ohio State team, preparing for his final game as a head coach against Washington in the Rose Bowl. Day held the future. And on Dec. 19, the future began at Ohio State as the Buckeyes added 15 signees from the 2019 recruiting class on the first day of the early signing period. Ohio State retained the two five-star recruits from the 2019 class that Meyer helped secure.Garrett Wilson, the No. 2 wide receiver in the 2019 class according to the 247Sports composite rankings, signed his letter of intent. The 6-foot, 181-pound receiver comes from Lake Travis High School in Austin, Texas, the same high school 2018 four-star recruit and Ohio State freshman quarterback Matthew Baldwin went to, and signed with the Buckeyes after verbally committing on April 29. Five-star center Harry Miller, the No. 2 center in the 2019 class, also made his commitment from June 10 official, signing with Ohio State out of Buford, Georgia. But even as the first two five-star recruits in the 2019 class, neither Miller nor Wilson would be the defining player in Ohio State’s recruiting class. That was five-star defensive end Zach Harrison, who, as the No. 1 recruit in the state of Ohio out of Olentangy Orange High School and the No. 4 recruit in the country, committed to the Buckeyes on Wednesday, choosing between what many believed to be Ohio State, Penn State and Michigan. Even with the change in leadership, Meyer said, in the press conference announcing his retirement, Day is a perfect fit to continue the trend he created during his tenure at Ohio State. “Once those players know that you have that genuine love and care for them they’ll move mountains for you,” Meyer said. “And I saw that with Ryan Day.”Day did see some unforeseen change in Ohio State’s 2019 recruiting class. Four-star 2019 quarterback Dwan Mathis, who committed to Ohio State in June as a previous commitment at Michigan State, signed his letter of intent with Georgia, leaving the Buckeyes with no quarterback in the 2019 class. However, Ohio State could be in the running to fill the spot Mathis left with the former No. 2 dual-threat quarterback in the 2018 class. 2018 five-star quarterback Justin Fields informed Georgia, where he spent his freshman season, that he intended to transfer, entering the NCAA transfer portal Tuesday, allowing other schools to contact him. Ohio State also lost a commitment from four-star safety Jordan Battle, who announced signed his letter of intent with Alabama on Wednesday. With the loss of both Mathis and Battle and with the gain of Harrison, Ohio State, according to 247Sports, has the No. 3 2019 recruiting class in the Big Ten, the first time since 2010 the Buckeyes have not had the No. 1 recruiting class in the conference. Nationally, Ohio State has the No. 14 recruiting class in the country, its highest since 2010.Updated at 3:26 p.m. after three-star defensive tackle Jaden McKenzie committed to Ohio State
Citation: Sumatra earthquake mysteries examined (2012, May 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-05-sumatra-earthquake-mysteries.html More information: A Rogue Earthquake Off Sumatra, Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1223983AbstractA magnitude 8.6 strike-slip earthquake within an oceanic plate raises fundamental questions about earthquake physics. © 2012 Phys.Org Journal information: Science
Explore further (Phys.org)—Bees can bite. Biologists from universities in Greece and France have discovered that, besides a tail sting, the honeybee is capable of packing a paralyzing bite. The bee uses its bite weapon on targets too small to be stung, such as wax moth larva and varroa mites. The intruders can infiltrate beehives and eat wax and pollen. The bee delivers a bite that can paralyze them for up to nine minutes, enough time for them to be ejected from the hive. The honeybee uses its mandibles to bite its enemy and then secretes 2-heptanone into the wound. In their paper, the authors explain that this defense weapon is produced in the mandibular glands, released by the mandible pore of a reservoir and through the groove flows at the sharp edge of mandibles. Journal information: PLoS ONE Honeybees entomb to protect from pesticides Citation: Honeybee secretion may find use as local anesthetic (2012, October 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-10-honeybee-secretion-local-anesthetic.html “We believe, based on our morphological studies and the anatomical evidence provided by others, that the release of 2-H is not passive, but actively controlled by the contraction of mandibular muscles.”The “2-H” they refer to, 2-heptanone, is already known to biologists as a natural compound found in some foods, including beer and white bread, and is secreted by some insects. Biologists assumed, though, that the 2-H function is an alarm pheromone, chemically tagging areas for bees to revisit or calling on other bees to attack intruders.Alexandros Papachristoforou, at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, and others in the research team, discovered otherwise. He said he believed beekeepers will be surprised by the discovery, as it is “likely to cause a radical rethink of some long-held beliefs.” As important, he said that the discovery will probably send honeybee research off in new directions. A key suggestion from their study is that the 2-H from the honeybee may find use as a local anesthetic in both human and veterinary medicine. Certainly the findings are of interest to UK-based Vita (Europe), a honeybee supplier of honeybee health products, with offices in Italy, France and Russia. The research was funded by Vita, which invests a proportion of its turnover into research and development, and one of the authors works for the company.Vita earlier this month issued a story on its site noting that the discovery means that the anesthetic has great potential for use in human medicine as it could lead to the production of a natural, low toxicity, local anesthetic for humans and animals.Vita said that independent tests have verified the potential of 2-heptanone as a local anesthetic, and Vita has already patented the use of the compound for use as a local anesthetic. Other organizations that contributed to the research include the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki in Greece, the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Université Paris-Sud, Cyprus University of Technology, and the University of Athens.Actually, the discovery was by accident. According to Dr Papachristoforou, the principal focus of the research was not honeybees but rather wax moths and how they can be controlled. Wax moths are a serious honeybee pest. Their larvae consume wax and pollen, often destroying honeycomb. When exposed to 2-heptanone, the moths seemed to die. The researchers realized, though, that they did not die but were just anesthetized. The period ranged from one to nine minutes. That is when the scientists began to set up experiments to understand what was happening.While animal venoms are used to create a range of medicines, the researchers acknowledge that “the question here is whether 2-H can pass the preclinical and clinical tests required in order to be considered in clinical practice.” The research was published earlier this month in the peer-reviewed open access journal, PLOS ONE. © 2012 Phys.org More information: www.vita-europe.com/secrets-of … eybee-bite-revealed/www.plosone.org/article/info%3 … journal.pone.0047432 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.