IAEA report on Iran sent to Security Council

The Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has sent his report on Iran’s implementation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Safeguards Agreement to the United Nations Security Council and the IAEA Board of Governors.The Vienna-based Agency said circulation of the document is restricted “and unless the IAEA Board of Governors and Security Council decide otherwise, the Agency cannot authorize its release to the public.”The report was simultaneously sent to the Agency´s member States and to the Security Council in New York on Friday afternoon.The document responds to a request made by the Security Council on 29 March, when it asked IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei to report in 30 days “on the process of Iranian compliance with the steps required by the IAEA Board, to the IAEA Board of Governors and in parallel to the Security Council for its consideration.”Iran has been called on to re-establish full and sustained suspension of all enrichment-related and reprocessing activities, including research and development, to be verified by the Agency. The IAEA Board has also asked Tehran to reconsider the construction of a research reactor moderated by heavy water.Other requirements put forward by the Board in a resolution adopted in February call for Iran to ratify and implement the Additional Protocol and, pending ratification, continue to act in accordance with its provisions. In December 2003, Iran signed the Additional Protocol, which grants the IAEA expanded rights of access to information and sites, as well as additional authority to use the most advanced technologies during the verification process.In 2003, it was discovered that Iran had carried out secret nuclear activities for 18 years in breach of its obligations under the NPT.Iran voluntarily suspended uranium enrichment activities, which can produce material for nuclear energy or for weapons, in 2004 while negotiating with European Union nations France, Germany and Britain (the so-called EU-3) on its programme, but resumed the process last August. read more